Family Hope Program (PKH)
Family Hope Program (PKH), hereinafter referred to as PKH, is a program of providing conditional social assistance to UnderprivilegedFamilies (KM) which is designated as a family of PKH beneficiaries.
As an effort to accelerate poverty reduction, since 2007 the Government of Indonesia has implemented PKH. The Social Protection Program, also known internationally as the Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT), has proven to be quite successful in overcoming poverty faced in these countries, especially the problem of chronic poverty.
As a conditional social assistance program, PKH opened access to poor families, especially pregnant women and children, to utilize various health service facilities (Faskes) and educational service facilities (Fasdik) available around them. PKH benefits have also begun to be encouraged to include persons with disabilities and elderly by maintaining the level of social welfare in accordance with the mandate of the constitution and the Indonesian President's Nawacita.
Through PKH, Underprivileged Families (KM) is encouraged to have access to and utilize basic social services in health, education, food and nutrition, care, and assistance, including access to various other social protection programs that are complementary programs in a sustainable manner. PKH is directed to become an epicenter and center of excellence for poverty reduction that synergizes various national social protection and empowerment programs.
PKH's big mission to reduce poverty is increasingly prominent considering that the number of underprivileged people in Indonesia until March 2016 was still 10.86% of the total population or 28.01 million people (BPS, 2016). The government has set a poverty reduction target of 7-8% in 2019, as stated in the 2015-2019 RPJMN. PKH is expected to contribute significantly to reducing the number of poor people, reducing the gap (gini ratio) while increasing the Human Development Index (HDI).
The results of other studies show that PKH has an impact on changes in household consumption, as in some other CCT implementing countries. PKH has succeeded in increasing the consumption of beneficiary households in Indonesia by 4.8%.